The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Application of Machine Learning algorithms in modeling and understanding the role of the Microbiome in the Colorectal Cancer diagnosis and therapy

Lunch seminar 5 June 2024

Topic: Application of Machine Learning algorithms in modeling and understanding the role of the Microbiome in the Colorectal Cancer diagnosis and therapy

When: 5 June at 12.00-13.15

Where: Online

Speaker: Dr. Miodrag Cekic, Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje. Research & Development Lead Technical Consultant at IWC

Moderator: Mattias Ohlsson, Computational Science for Health and Environment, Lund University

Spoken language: English


Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Colorectal cancer belongs to the group of the most malignant tumors for which their burden can be only reduced through early detection and appropriate treatment. Increasing evidence indicates that the intestine microbiota is related and can impact colorectal carcinogenesis. This study proposes a multidisciplinary approach of two-phase methodology for modeling and interpreting the key biomarkers that can play a significant role in understanding the drug-resistant mechanism and carcinogenesis for patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer. The proposed methodology was evaluated using a publicly accessible dataset, which may serve clinicians as a complementary analysis tool in colorectal cancer diagnostics and therapeutics. This study contributes to the field of predictive modeling in healthcare.

Abstract: Recent studies have highlighted that gut microbiota can alter colorectal cancer susceptibility and progression due to its impact on colorectal carcinogenesis. This work represents a comprehensive technical approach in modeling and interpreting the drug-resistance and carcinogenesis mechanisms from clinical data for patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer. To accomplish our aim, we developed a methodology based on evaluating high-performance machine learning models where a Python-based random forest classifier provides the best performance metrics, with an overall accuracy of 91.7%. Our approach identified and interpreted the most significant genera in the cases of resistant groups. Thus far, many studies point out the importance of present genera in the microbiome and intend to treat it separately. The symbiotic bacterial analysis generated different sets of joint feature combinations, providing a combined overview of the model’s predictiveness and uncovering additional data correlations where different genera joint impacts support the therapy-resistant effect. This study points out the different perspectives of treatment since our aggregate analysis gives precise results for the genera that are often found together in a resistant group of patients, meaning that resistance is not due to the presence of one pathogenic genus in the patient microbiome, but rather several bacterial genera that live in symbiosis.

Publication url (part of the topic):

Besides the CRC drug-resistance mechanism I will also cover my technical work in extending the methodology for understanding or modelling the CRC carcinogenesis, working with different patient groups coming from the same cross sectional dataset.